Indian Education System 6 stages, cost & Comparison


Hey Readers, welcome back to Yognut. We all know the truth that education is the weapon with which we can change the world. But, Is the education provided in our country a weapon enough to change the world? The Indian education system can be categorized into two -Public and private. The approximate ratio of public schools to non-public schools in India is 7:5. Most of the times we see the quality between these two is very contrasting and the fortunate kids receive the best. Olden days the Gurukul type of education system where students live in sync with nature at their guru’s home, They leaving their home till completing their course period, this style has vanished and we see buildings blocks closer to their home where education is sold for hefty money has taken its place.

Education is a long process and we keep learning as long as we are alive. The Indian education system has major stages though, which is a must for recognizing a person’s respect to be rewarded with.

Stages in Indian Education system

From pre-schooling to achieving a PhD Indian education system has been systematically leveled up.

1. Pre-Schooling

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Around the age of 5 or 6 little munchkins are sent to a nursery later on to a school where they are put in LKG, Ukg classes with little kids of their age where they make their first friends and learn basic nursery rhymes, alphabets and other fun stuff. Though not much importance is given to this stage in our Indian education system, working parents find it as a helpful way to get time away from their children.

2. Primary Schooling

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From I to V grade is considered most important and thus called elementary schooling. Poor kids are offered free education in government schools and the education rules are set by the states and therefore the duration of elementary school visit alters between each Indian state. The Indian government has also banned child labor so as to make sure that the kids don’t enter unsafe working conditions. However, both free education and also the ban on child labor are difficult to enforce because of economic disparity and social conditions. 80% of all schools at this stage are government-run or supported thus making it the most important for the growth of the country.

3. Secondary Education

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The secondary education set a direction in a child’s mind. This is where dreams are set and ambitions are given life. From VI and VII the middle school life focuses on all subjects whether he /she likes it or not. VIII to X acts as a foundation to higher studies where a child can find his available options for a later stage.

4. Higher-Secondary Education

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XI and XII is where a student chooses his/her stream which can be bio-math, computer science, commerce and so on from the list the government has offered. This 2 year is deemed to be the most critical in a student’s life by society.

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5. Undergraduate

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Through entrance or management quota the student can find a seat in a college and complete his or her bachelor’s degree. It can take up 3-4 years depending on the course of study. As per one estimate, India provides 88% of UG education in colleges.

6. Post-Graduate

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Aiming for higher paid jobs, PG is taken up by students who successfully complete UG. This is 1 -2 years course period where industry integration is very well welcomed and professionals are made. Most of them find a job after it or find peace in adult education aiming for doctorate level, which can be both part-time and full time.

Cost of Indian Education System

The hiking cost in educational institutions has made it extremely difficult for financially weaker families in India to let their children study. The condition of the Indian education system is dismal with a lot of children not even being able to make it to high school, consistent with a recent report by NSO. About 70% of rural Indians aren’t ready to complete 10th class education; an equivalent number stands at over 40% for urban India. In education, just one in every ten Indians features a graduate degree and above. Pursuing a university degree generally means a high expenditure of Rs 5,240 per student in rural areas, and quite 3 times the agricultural average spent i.e, Rs 16,308 in urban areas. For those that prefer to pursue medical degrees, the value soars to over Rs 72,000 a year.

Even though in initial stages free education and sponsorships are provided by the government, the whole process of accessing it and knowledge about such provision is not affordable to everyone. The caste system has put in margin and the privilege for the ones belonging to SC/ST/OBC the discount in academics but again it’s not recognized in terms of income or merit but just caste- which makes not much sense in the present!

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Indian Education system and foreign Education system Comparison

Indian education systemForeign education system
Cost of educationThe funds collected are considerably low or affordable in India. Compared to India foreign education costs high, except for a few countries like China.
Industry integration in academicsIndustry education and first-hand learning methods are low and if there, it’s limited to certain universities only.Industries are connected with the educational institutions thus getting a job for a student becomes easier and his/her knowledge in the subject is well developed from the beginning.
Exposure The ability for students to discover the world is just growing, though again it’s limited to few who are wealthy enough. The education mainly compacts everything to a book.Getting the students to field studies,out-door activities, student exchange to other countries and mixed style of education gives the foreign education a better exposure.
Subject preferenceThere are not many options and changing subjects in-between of the course is not provided in most of the institutions.A variety of courses are offered and students can pick in different combinations of subjects according to their preference.
Implementation of syllabiThe syllabus of secondary education has not been changed for the past 15 years. Equal importance to extracurricular activities has to be but they are just considered as add-ons.Up to date has been added without leaving history. It’s also interesting to note the point that the Vedic Indian Upanishads and Bhagwat Gita has also been a subject in Us universities where in India they are just religious books.

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The positive side of Indian Educational System

The system is not all crazy with disparity,business-minded organizations, lazy professionals and un-updated syllabus. There is a good side to our educational system too. Why do you think most of the scientists, engineers, geniuses working in NASA, and other reputed institutions are Indians? Of course, our education system is not all a failure. In fact, India is considered as one of the best places to pursue education.  

1. Patriotism in-built curriculum

Indian civilization is one among the oldest ones on the block and has always significantly contributed to the stage of data, because of its varied cultural, geographical and traditional background. Astronomy, Mathematics, Physics or Economics, India has always cared for talents in its infant stages and a lot of foreign travelers have even adopted the country’s style for acquiring knowledge and building such systems. Thus the Indian educational system has strong roots within the cultural richness of our country. Let’s say India could be a superpower in education with an array of world-class educational opportunities in its schema in the coming years.

2. Holistic approach

India has always been a pioneer of the “Gurukul” system, during which the bondage shared by the scholar and therefore the teacher are some things unique and special. Comprehensive development of the mind and also the soul is observed best during this “holistic” approach to education. Regional celebrations and inclusion of diversity celebrating all joys without any division of religion or community build the diversity we live in- strong!

3. Globally accepted and reputed

The format of the Gurukul system is missing within the urban set-up of the country today, but the essence still remains and this works to heighten the tutorial methods. India is home to many well regarded educational institutions like IIT, JNU, IIM, Tata Institutes and so on. These are all internationally recognized institutes with good linkups and connections with the global education industry.

4. A well-equipped and technological system in learning

The study options in India have widely diversified altogether fields of education. Most private schools have an online mode of teaching and systemize record-keeping system. Attendance is given importance and computers, basic necessities in a school and college are provided with hygiene and care! 

5. Best Opportunities

The Central Government has done its best to form the study opportunities flexible in nature to facilitate optimal student participation. One of the simplest advantageous points of the Indian education system is its inexpensiveness compared to other countries and thanks to programs like mid-day meal, free-elementary education, reservation policies that help certain sections of the society to find hope and better opportunities in life.

Negative Side in Indian Education system

Understanding the crucial role of the educational system in our lives, many reforms have been and are being made in this area yet there is a lot of room for improvement again! Children should be made aware that marks aren’t everything! the mind and soul should be enlightened before calculating numbers and integrating hefty sums.

1. Core values not focused

Soft skills are very important. We see that basic human behavior such as respect, equality, manners and basic decorum should be taught in school and it should be given high importance. One’s mother tongue should be given the priority and shouldn’t be penalized or disregarded. We see the unrest and unacceptable behavior from the people of today, lack of proper education is the main reason for that. Cleansing the system is equal to cleansing the country.

2. Knowledge outside books not welcomed

What’s with the bags loaded with books causing burden to the children. Education must be not only about books. Sports and other extracurricular activities should be cared for equally. Pressurized methods of learning and teaching should be stopped. Going to school should be made fun and easier.

3. Unprofessional teachers

Teachers must be well qualified for the class they are teaching and should be motivated enough so that they perform better-giving quality education to kids. Many teachers don’t find passion in their job, don’t teach properly and are not even present to the schools especially the government rural school teachers. this must be tracked well and solved.

4. Deep understanding the wants of the students

Each student is gifted with different talents and appreciates that. But our system focuses only on book learning and sadly the rest potential stars are demotivated from their fields. Also, not every student has the same grasping capacity. This fact has to be recognized and no individual should be made to feel less.

5. Value every subject equally

Fashion, home science, social, psychological and other art-based subjects are equally important and students taking up these subjects following their interest must not be discouraged. Engineering and doctor are cool professions too but not the only profession. Even in secondary level playtime periods shouldn’t be utilized to finish the portions of other core syllabi. Yoga, dance or such periods should be added to release stress.

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In short Indian education system is doing a great job but like they say any coin has two sides, there are certain negative loopholes in the system that needed to be taken care of .creating a good education system is a prime tool to develop our country and citizens. Indian Education system is finding its holy grail and developing slowly. Women are being empowered and being qualified enough, several exams are being cracked and underprivileged families have found a home thanks to the financial aid the system provides. Let’s educate one another throughout our lives because it’s the voice with which we can achieve greater goals in life.