Mahaparv Chhath Puja, The Festival Dedicated to God Sun


Hello Readers! Welcome to Yognut again! Today we are going to share a very interesting fact to know about Chhath Puja Festival Dedicated to God Sun. We all know India is a country of traditions, cultures, and religions. They’re about more than 60 languages and have different cultures of different places. And, every culture is unique in there place.

Today on Yognut, We are going to share with you all one of the known places of India where tradition and cultures take place over the years and years. The place where Ashoka born, the place where Gautam Budhha got knowledge, the place where India’s first president of India belongs to, the place where the largest university had been, and that place is our Bihar.

Bihar is the place where the Chhath Puja celebrated mostly. Chhath Puja is a festival known as MahaParva where we worship the Surya considered as the creator of the Universe and a source of life.

Now, let’s talk about the Chhath Puja festival described in this article. It will give much more information and knowledge about the reason behind it.

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About Chhath Puja, The Festival Dedicated To Sun as God

Image from Wikipedia

Chhath Puja is a festival of Hindus basically celebrated in Bihar. It is known as MahaParva where we worship the sixth day of Sun every year in the month of Chaitra (March-April) and Kartik (October-November).

Rather than Bihar, Chhath Puja is also celebrated in Uttar Prasad, Jharkhand and Madhesh of Nepal. Surya is the only God whom we can see and visible to everyone all around the world. Sun is God without living life is impossible. This MahaParva celebrates for four days. The Literal color for this festival is Bhagwa (Saffron).

It is also called Chhathi, Chhath Parv, Dala Chhath, Surya Shashthi, and Dala Puja. The Puja celebrates just after Diwali.

Why is Chhath Puja Celebrated?

Chhath Puja celebrated for prosperity and love. It is a festival of Giving thanks to the Surya God for giving us such a beautiful world and the source of life to live.

The description of Chhath Puja is mentioned in Mahabharata where Draupadi Firstly did the Chhath Puja. Another description of Chhath Puja was in the era of Krishana, it has been considered that Krishana gave his son Pradyumana a curse. And, that curse causes leprosy to Pradyumana after that he did Chhath Puja to get rid of the disease.

Now, by Mythology this is the reason behind Chhath Puja celebrated but, it is proven by science also. This month is the time where crops get cut and we get food and that is impossible without the sun. As the sun provides the source of light for the photosynthesis process.

This festival has many rituals and we have to follow the rules and regulations strictly. This is the only festival where we do not need any priest. And, can be celebrated by our own values.

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How does Chhath Puja Celebrate?

People carrying Daura & going for worshiping the Sun god on the bank of river Ganga.

As we mentioned Chhath Puja celebrated for four days every year. Here, we are going to mention below how it is celebrated :

First Day:

  • The first day is Called Nahaye-Khaye in the Bihar region which means the fasting person who is going to fast for Chhath Puja or other people of the family should have firstly bath and then eat.
  • In this day, the vegetables like pumpkin, cauliflower, potato included which shows these crops harvests in this month. Besides this, rice, Gram pulse made. A full plate of typical Indian dishes.
  • The most importantly people do not use garlic and onion in this whole festival and also avoid non-veg.

Second Day:

  • The second day is called Lohanda or Kharna where the fasting person will worship god sun and have fast for the whole day without food and water. In the evening after worship of Surya, they eat the special Khir made up of rice and jaggery.
  • This day celebrated vastly and people go to each other’s houses to eat the special Khir and worship the sun.


  • On the Third-day, people worship the sunset with all the rituals and Legislation in the Ganga river. And, the fasting person fast for the whole day and night also.
  • Prasad made also in this day.

Fourth Day

  • On the fourth day, people worship the sunrise in the Ganga River and then people enjoy the Prasad on the bank of Ganga River.
  • And, then the fasting person eats after two days of Fasting.

The preparation of Chhath Puja has been long ago. The rice and wheat get washed, dried and stove of soil and cow dunk for making prasad made before the puja starts. In the village area, People also paint their surface with the help of soil and cow dunk. Cow dunk and soil considered as a pure substance used in India to pure everything.

The government also used to clean and decorate the bank of river Ganga for the worship. Moreover, different types of fruits and Prasad made on the third day which includes Thekua or Pakwan, Laddu.

The Chhath is the festival of love, prosperity and also thanking the sun as a god. It is a festival of respect and spirituality. There are many emotions and feelings related to this festival and many people celebrate it for welfare. It is one of the best festivals ever seen.

And, the songs of Chhath Puja will give Goosebumps. As the Puja is religious and many vows complete after doing the Chhath Puja. You can listen to the songs related to the Chhath Puja in the below, It will show you the love, emotion, and feel of how important is this festival:

You can listen to the songs related to the Chhath Puja in the below, It will show you the love, emotion, and feel of how important is this festival:

Yognut wishes you Happy Chhath Puja! On this Chhath Puja may your life become full of love and happiness. And, for more further information and interesting facts Please visit Yognut again.

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